Battle of Booneville, Mississippi

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1. Battle of Booneville, Mississippi - Explore Southern History
2. Union/Confederate Reports on Battle of Booneville, Mississippi
3. Battle Summary for Booneville, MS
4. In Search of History - The Battle of Booneville, Mississippi

5. The Battle of Booneville - My Civil War
6. Sheridan's First Raid as Colonel
7. Letter from V.M. Elmore to Mother (in Alabama) from Camp near Booneville, MS

The Battle of Booneville was fought on July 1, 1862, in Booneville, Mississippi, during the American Civil War. It occurred in the aftermath of the Union. victory at the Battle of Shiloh and within the context of Confederate General Braxton Bragg's efforts to recapture the rail junction at Corinth, Mississippi, twenty miles north of Booneville.
After the Union Army victory at Shiloh, Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck moved his forces slowly toward Corinth, an important rail center. By May 25, 1862, after traveling five miles in three weeks, Halleck was positioned to lay siege to the town. But on May 29, the Confederate forces under General P.G.T. Beauregard slipped away undetected and moved toward Tupelo, Mississippi. In late June, Halleck ordered his forces south and learned that the Confederates, by then under Bragg, were advancing toward Corinth. The 31-year-old Union Col. Philip Sheridan established a fortified position to the south at Booneville on June 28 to await the Confederate attack.
Lead elements of 4,700 troops under the Confederate Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers, who was also 31 years old, encountered Sheridan's pickets on the morning of July 1, three and one-half miles to the southwest of Corinth. The pickets fell back and established a sound defensive line at the intersection of the roads from Tupelo and Saltillo. Aided by the superiority of their new Colt revolving rifles, the line withstood the initial Confederate assault before withdrawing to a backup position two miles closer to the town.
Chalmers' effort to turn the left flank of this new line was thwarted when Sheridan's main force joined the battle. The bulk of the Union force stayed on the defensive while Sheridan sent the 2nd Michigan Cavalry under Capt. Russell Alexander and the 2nd Iowa Cavalry under Lt. Col. Edward Hatch to attack the Confederate rear and left flank, respectively. The cavalry forces pushed Chalmers to retreat and Sheridan called off the pursuit after four miles, when his fatigued troops encountered swampy terrain.
Sheridan estimated that Chalmer lost 65 troops killed in the battle; Federal casualties were one dead, 24 wounded, and 16 missing. Due to the battle, Bragg delayed his offensive strategy for Corinth, allowing Halleck additional time to unite his troops. Probably the most important result of the battle was the promotion of Philip Sheridan to the rank of Brigadier General. (Excerpt from Wikipedia)


(10-2012) Enlarge Booneville, MS Mural

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(10-2012) Enlarge  Detail Battle of Booneville Historic Marker:
Site of the Battle of Booneville on old Blackland Road which enters the town of Booneville. This is the site where General Chalmers attacked the Union Garrison of Colonel Sheridan at 8:30 in the morning on July 1, 1862. The area is now populated with residential housing


(10-2012) Enlarge The Cunningham House:
History records record that a council of war was held in this house (originally located on the lot of the present-day Booneville First Baptist Church) on June 9, 1864 between General Nathan Bedford Forrest, his Officers, and General Stephen D. Lee to plan the Battle of Brice's Crossroads. The home was originally much larger but this was the only room that has been saved as it is believed that General Forrest himself slept in this room the night of his war council

(10-2012) Enlarge Cunningham Home - The Room Forrest Slept In:
It is believed that General Forrest slept in this room, all that remains of the Cunningham Home, the night of his war council to plan the Battle of Brice's Crossroads. Another account is given that states Forrest only used the home for his council of war and slept on the grounds outside the home (site of the present-day Booneville First Baptist Church) with his men


(10-2012) Enlarge Cunningham House Fireplace:
A view of the interior room of all that remains of the original Cunningham House


(10-2012) Enlarge Cunningham House Interior:
An interior view of the Cunningham Home. Note the original floor and wall boards

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