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As Johnston pulled back from Resaca, Sherman followed him closely, splitting his massive forces into three wings, with Thomas, and the main body of troops, moving directly after Johnston toward Calhoun, McPherson to the west, and Hooker's Corps to the east. Pausing briefly at Adairsville, Johnston considered making a stand there, but the terrain was not favorable for a defense, so, he withdrew further south, while Cheatham's Division stayed behind to fight a delaying action in the entrenchments at Adairsville. Johnston devised a plan to mass his army at Cassville and strike Sherman's left wing, under Schofield and Hooker, hopefully destroying it in detail before the remainder of the army could move to its aid. However, as Schofield entered the trap, Hood, who had been ordered to make the attack, mistook Federal cavalry for a large, flanking body of infantry, and fell back into the defensive lines at Cassville. Sherman by this time sensed Schofield's danger, and he quickly brought up Thomas and McPherson so that the entire army was in Johnston's front at Cassville late in the day on May 19th. While Johnston had found his position advantageous for an attack, it was less so for defense, so he fell back to a stronger line on a ridge south of town in the midst of a horrific artillery duel. The occupants of Cassville found themselves in a no-mans-land between the two hostile armies. "Many flee, leaving all, some take away a few effects, some remain between hostile fire." Johnston was very satisfied with his new position, calling it "the best I saw occupied during the war," his men were more than ready for a fight, and both both armies prepared for a major battle in the morning. However, during an evening consultation with his subordinates, Johnston received strong advice from them not to remain at Cassville. While Hardee agreed with Johnston that prospects for Confederate success were great, both Polk and Hood urged Johnston to abandon the position as untenable. Faced with two of his three commanders lacking the confidence to remain, in the middle of the night Johnston reluctantly withdrew his army south of the Etowah River, to the bewilderment of Sherman and the profound disappointment of the Confederate rank and file. The missed opportunities at Cassville would be argued for decades to come.

Adairsville Depot
Allatoona Memorial Park
Allatoona Pass  2
Allatoona Unknown Soldier
Allatoona Wartime Structure
Cassville Blockhouse
Cassville Cemetery: Conf. Mem.
Cassville Historical Meth. Church

Cassville Pavilion  2
Cassville Station
Cassville Town Square
Cassville: Second Confederate Line
Cassville: McKelvey Home Site
Clayton-Mooney House, Allatoona
Coopers Furnace
Crow's Nest
Eastern Redoubt  2  3

Etowah River Bridge
Hightower Trail
Kingston Confederate Cemetery
Railroad Blockhouse
Rowett's Redoubt
Star Fort
Stilesboro Academy
Tennessee Wagon Road
Thomas V. B. Hargis House Site
Wartime Allatoona

(5-03) Enlarge Kingston Confederate Cemetery
Photo by Scott Jackson, GA
The following photos courtesy of Tim Barclay, GA
Adairsville Depot


(5-03) Enlarge Kingston Confederate Cemetery
Cemetery Marker: Unknown Confederate Dead (B & W)
Scott Jackson photo

(5-03) Enlarge Thomas V. B. Hargis house site, Kingston (B & W)
Scott Jackson photo

(10-02) Historic Methodist Church in Cassville, one of the buildings that witnessed the battle here
Don Worth photo

The Stilesboro Academy The Stilesboro Academy

(2013) Enlarge The Stilesboro Academy, built 1859. It is one of the last buildings of its kind.

Before the Civil War there were several of these academies but most were destroyed by Union troops when they came through northwest Georgia in May of 1864.

The building has twenty foot ceilings and twelve foot doors, and is made primarily of heart pine. Local legend says that Sherman himself chose to spare the Academy from the torch because of the inscription painted inside the building—the Latin words for “To God and Country”, which is also the motto of his beloved West Point. There is no documentation that he was there but it is confirmed that he WAS within a mile of the site so it is very likely that the story is true. At any rate there IS tangible evidence that the troops occupied the building.
Tim Barclay photo

  (2013) Enlarge Stilesboro Academy, near Cartersville, GA
Tim Barclay photo
The Stilesboro Academy    
(2013) Enlarge Stilesboro Academy
Tim Barclay photo
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