Battle of Fairfield, PA Page3    

(2007) Balder rejoined Starr's column and warned the commander that a large body of Confederate cavalry was approaching down the Fairfield-Orrtanna Road. Starr, characteristically, chose to stay and fight. He ordered his outnumbered troopers to deploy into a line of battle at the narrowest point in the valley. Half the men dismounted along this perpendicular ridgeline, taking advantage of the protection offered by a large apple orchard atop the rise. The other half remained mounted along the road. The position offered good fields of fire near a place known as the Marshall farm, which sat astride the Fairfield-Orrtanna Road. There, in a 200-yard-long line of battle, the Union troops awaited the arrival of Jones' brigade. This view is looking south and to the right of the previous photo


(2007) This view is looking south from the small ridge towards Fairfield along the line of retreat of the 6th U.S. Cavalry


(2007) Views of the fields along the Fairfield-Orrtanna Road (modern day Carrollís Tract rd.) The 6th U.S. suffered greatly in the attack. Lieutenant Paulding ordered his squadron, which had been fighting dismounted, to mount up. His men were in the process of doing so when the Confederate charge struck. Mounted Confederates ran down the dismounted Yankees, using their sabers mercilessly and scattering Paulding's command through the fields beyond. Numerous Union prisoners soon fell into Confederate hands


(2007) Views of the fields along the Fairfield-Orrtanna Road (modern day Carrollís Tract rd.) Balder's isolated squadron was inundated by the Confederate charge, and Balder, after refusing the Confederate demand for surrender, pulled his saber and charged toward the Confederates, who allowed him to pass through their lines and swarmed around him, firing their pistols at the lone Yankee. Mortally wounded by a pistol ball, Balder managed to escape and rode into town. Two citizens helped him from his horse and onto their porch, where he sat in a chair, his face pale and his eyes closed. After the battle, a Federal trooper found him there and asked Balder if he was hurt. Balder replied, "Corporal, tell the men to save themselves." Balder died several days later

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