Monocacy, Maryland

Craig Swain, Leesburg, VA
Mike Stroud, Bluffton, SC
For any use of these photos contact

Battle Map

1. Directions to Monocacy National Battlefield
2. Monocacy National Battlefield Auto Tour (NPS)
3. Walking Trails at Monocacy National Battlefield (NPS)

4. Monocacy Interpretive Markers
5. Monocacy Interpretive Markers (Google Interfaced)
6. Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park - The Monocacy Aqueduct (U.S. National Park Service)
7. Springing Over the Monocacy - The Enduring Aqueduct Marker
8. Details of the Marker
More Links
Ballenger Creek B&O Railroad Grade Best Grove
Best Family Farm  2  3 Brooks Hill  2 Bush Creek
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Aqueduct  2 Evan's Attack Frederick: Old City Hall
Gambrill House Gambrill, or Araby Mill  2 Georgetown Pike  2
Georgetown Pike Covered Bridge Site Georgetown Pike R/R Crossing Georgetown Pike Wooden Bridge Site  2
Interstate 270 Overlook Jug Bridge Site McCausland's Second Attack
Monocacy Junction Monocacy Memorials  2 Monocacy NPS Battle Map
Monocacy River R/R Bridge  2  3 Old Mill Pond at the Gambrill Mill Old National Rd. Crossing of Monocacy R.
Pennsylvania Monument  2 Reich's Ford Road Bridge Sugarloaf Mountain  2
Terry's Brigade and Gordon's Final Attack Thomas Farm Thomas Farm Lane
Vermont Monument Visitors Center Worthington Farm
Worthington House  2 Worthington-McKinney Ford York's Attack
14th New Jersey Monument  2    

(July 2007Opening officially on June 27, 2007, the new visitors center was designed to blend into the landscape and surroundings. It is located on the north side of the battlefield, off the Georgetown Pike (Maryland Highway 355). Resembling a barn with attached silo, the first floor has services and the ranger desk. Interpretive and interactive exhibits are on the second floor, including an electronic map and narrative of the battle. A viewing deck, accessed from the second floor offers a sweeping view of the Monocacy River Valley. Several major landmarks of the battle - Monocacy Junction, the bridges, Best Farm, Gambrill Mill, and Sugarloaf Mountain - are visible

Photo by Craig Swain

(July 2007From the viewing deck of the Visitors Center looking to the south. Working from left to right, the tree line just blocks the view of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad grade, and where it intersects with the Frederick spur creating Monocacy Junction. Further towards the center, where Georgetown Pike crosses the Monocacy River, at the time of the battle stood a covered wooden bridge. In the far distance beyond the largest group of trees, is Sugarloaf Mountain, site of a signal station during the war. Lastly on the far right is the Best Family Farm
Photo by Craig Swain


(July 2007Closer view of Sugarloaf Mountain. This monadnock mountain featured in the movements for the Battle of Balls Bluff, the Antietam and Gettysburg Campaigns, and finally Early's 1864 raid. It is the highest terrain feature in the area east of the Catoctin Mountains, and affords a view south as far as Manassas. Federals maintained signal stations on the crest for most of the war, which reported Lee's Potomac crossing in September 1862, Early's advance here in 1864, and many activities of irregulars such as Mosby. The crest is visible from most of the battlefield, and serves as a good point of reference for the battlefield explorer
Photo by Craig Swain

(July 2007View of the Best Family Farm. The house and outbuildings are stop one on the driving tour. Although the house is generally not open for visitors, the grounds are now open (having been closed off for periods in the past). Behind the farm runs the Monocacy River. Still further behind, the wooded hill rising in the background is Brooks Hill, which concealed Gordon's Division after they forded the river
Photo by Craig Swain


(July 2007Monocacy Memorials
Close-ups of the memorials: Courtesy of Mike Stroud, Bluffton, SC
Across the busy Georgetown Pike is a set of memorials to the battle. The treeline is not historically accurate. Instead a grove of trees covered the now open field from roughly where the monuments are, down to the Best Farm road, and several hundred yards back of the Pike. The initial fighting on July 9, 1864 in this sector occurred here, as Ramseur's Division advanced down the Pike and encountered a mixed group of Federal cavalry and infantry skirmishers intent on delaying the advance
Photo by Craig Swain


(July 2007From the entrance to the visitors center, looking south down the Pike, Ramseur's men advanced against the Federal skirmish line spread from the river's bend (to the east of the visitors center) through the Best Grove (which stood in what is now the open field behind the memorials
Photo by Craig Swain

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