Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign

Ed Conner, TN
William Bozic, TX
Don Hogan, GA
Billy Roberts, SC
Robert Yates, VA
Richard Edling, PA
Willi Schumacher, VA
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1. Richmond National Battlefield -- Home Page
2. Overland Campaign - Wikipedia
3. U.S. Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign
4. Civil War Traveler - Central Virginia

National Battlefields
(Detail Map)
National Battlefields
(Overland Campaign)
  1963 NPS
Tour Guide
  1962 NPS
Richmond National
Battlefield Tour Guide
Carmel Church
Cold Harbor   2   3
Cold Harbor National Cemetery  2
Fort Brady   2
Fort Gilmer
Fort Harrison  2  3  Reproduction Pontoon
Fort Hoke    2   3
Fort Johnson  2
Garthright House
Germanna Ford
Guinea Station
Hanover County Trail (Cold Harbor)
Hanover Junction
Long Creek Action
North Anna Battlefield   2
North Anna River
Ox Ford
Sedgewick, Monument
Spotsylvania Confederate Cemetery   2
Spotsylvania Courthouse   2   3   4
Wadsworth   Monument
Widow Tapp Farm
Wilderness   2   3
Yellow Tavern    2

(2004) Historical marker on the main road near Stuart's monument at Yellow Tavern, VA
Richard Edling Photo
More Yellow Tavern from Richard Edling


(2004) Marker near Stuart's monument
Richard Edling Photo


(5-84Yellow Tavern
On May 8, 1864, Union General Phil Sheridan, with 10,000 Federal cavalry, slipped away from Spotsylvania Court House and headed south toward Richmond. His objective was to prove he could whip J.E.B. Stuart, and he got his chance just north of Richmond at the small village of Yellow Tavern.

The battle that ensued was a victory for Sheridan, and it cost J.E.B. Stuart his life. This monument sits on the approximate spot where Stuart was mortally wounded
Ed Conner Photo

(5-84Yellow Tavern
Side view of Stuart's monument at Yellow Tavern, VA. It was on this spot that Stuart was rallying his troopers after the Confederate line had been breached. One of General George A. Custer's dismounted troopers, Pvt. John A. Huff of the 5th Michigan Cavalry, was running across the front of the Confederate line when he spotted a group of mounted Confederate officers. He fired a snap-shot with his pistol at the group as he ran by; the shot hit J.E.B. Stuart in the stomach, inflicting a mortal wound. Stuart was evacuated to Richmond, where he died the next day.

The village of Yellow Tavern no longer exists, and the entire battlefield has fallen victim to urban sprawl. This monument is located in a residential area and is maintained by the United Daughters of The Confederacy
Ed Conner Photo


(5-84Cold Harbor
Remains of Confederate trench works at Cold Harbor. On June 3, 1864, General U.S. Grant launched an assault on these Confederate trenches with disastrous results. In 30 minutes time, over 7000 Federal infantry lay dead or wounded in front of the Confederate breastworks. Most of the wounded lay where they fell for four days due to a disagreement between Grant and Lee over cease-fire terms; few survived.

Many years later, Grant said of the assault at Cold Harbor, "I have always regretted that the last assault at Cold Harbor was ever made. No advantage whatever was gained to compensate for the heavy losses we sustained. Indeed the advantages other than those of relative losses, were on the Confederate side"
Ed Conner Photo


(5-84Fort Hoke
Fort Hoke courtesy of William Bozic, TX (July 2006)

Fort Hoke, one of the line of forts protecting the southern approach to Richmond. After Cold Harbor, Grant decided to attack this line that consisted of Forts Harrison, Gilmer, Gregg, Johnson, Hoke and Battery Alexander.

The results of these attacks were less than spectacular; Fort Hoke marked the deepest penetration of this defense line. Captured by Federal forces on September 29, 1864. It was abandoned by the Federals shortly after it's capture while the Union forces consolidated at Fort Harrison. Fort Hoke became an integral part of a new Confederate defense line
Ed Conner Photo

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